Geography and Science links carefully curated by Carl Lee. Below you find 10 links for each of the following categories:

  • National geographical organisations
  • Important international organisations
  • Geography blogs
  • Mapping and GIS websites
  • Websites to help you keep up to date with geographical
  • Environmental websites
  • Websites concerned with equality
  • Websites that help you understand globalisation better

10 National geographical organisations

American Geographical Society -  Founded in 1851 and another 19th society that cut its teeth exploring. Today the AGS is a major professional organization with a myriad of on-line resources.

Geographical Association – Formed in 1893 The Geographical Association (GA) is a subject association with the core charitable objective of furthering geographical knowledge and understanding through education. 

Gesellschaft für Erdkunde zu Berlin – The second oldest geographical society in the world and founded by Carl Ritter and Alexander von Humboldt.  All on-line material in German. 

Indian Geographical Society – Long-standing (1926) organisation based out of the University of Madras. Some interesting and important material but organisation and website are still striving to get into the 21st century 

Institute of Australian Geographers – It took until 1958 for Australian geographers to form an association – this is predominantly a professional body

Royal Geographical Society – Founded in 1830 out of the even earlier African Association. The pre-eminent professional geographical organization in the UK with a wealth of on-line resources.

The Royal Scottish Geographical Society – Another 19th century association (1884) that has stood the test of time and continues to educate and inform

The Geographical Society of China – Increasingly important national organization who publish leading geographical academic journals. 

The Royal Canadian Geographical Society -  In a country full of geographical wonder formed in 1930 this is Canada’s pre-eminent geographical association. 

Société de Géographie – The world’s oldest geographical association formed in 1821. Lively and engaged but only publishing and working in French. Excellent journal.

A potentially full list of national based geographical associations and societies can be found on Wikipedia 

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10 Important international organisations

Eurostat – As the site states ‘the key to European statistics’. The EU is very good at collecting data and here is where you will find nearly all of it.

European Environment Agency – Providing information on the environment through the lens of the European Union.  A lot of data and maps.

Food and Agriculture Organisation of the United Nations (FAO).- For up to data of food production, nutrition and hunger the FAO is the first place to start.

Information Telecommunication Union (ITC) – The increasingly important arm of the United Nations concerned with global information and communication technologies. Their data monitors this expanding facet of human life.

International Monetary Fund (IMF) – Another cog in the system this time concerned with monetary stability, facilitating international trade and even, so they claim, sustainable economic growth. They are a well-respected source of data about trade and financial affairs.

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)– This international organization founded in 1961 was set up to promote economic co-operation from 34 of the world’s largest economies. The Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) is one of its more headline grabbing programmes.

The World Bank – Although this international organisation states that it’s official role is the reduction of poverty it is in fact a major global cog in the capitalist system. It’s data and reports remain a key source of information on the global economy.

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) – Home of Millennium Goals and yearly Human Development Report with its index of human development. Blogs, video’s the latest development news. Even though we might haggle over the validity of the HDI metrics still an essential geography resource.

United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) – The United Nation’s liberal arts college concerned with culture, co-operation, peace and solidarity and awarding protected status to all sorts of places that deserve protection for all humanity.

World Health Organisation (WHO) – That part of the United Nations specifically concerned with public health that has presided over the biggest improvement to global life expectancy ever enacted. Not all their own work but they played a significant part.

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10 Geography blogs

Ayona Datta - A new sharply focused blog with an emphasis on sustainability and the global south. Senior lecturer in the excellent University of Leeds geography department.

Living Geography – A site by Alan Parkinson, a geography educator of great experience. Very knowledgeable about web based resources for the teaching of geography in secondary and primary schools and much more besides.

Bradley Garrett – Lecturer at Southampton University and urban explorer and ‘place hacker.’ Such is the wonderful world of cultural urban geography.

Joseph Stiglitz – OK not a geographer but geographers should be interested in what this Nobel prize-winning economist has to say about globalisation.

George Monbiot – Monbiot is a journalist who writes for The Guardian. Often controversial, rarely boring, Monbiot brings a sharp critical eye to issues of sustainability. He has a particular passion for re-wilding.

Paul Chatterton – Professor of Urban Futures at Leeds University and social activist who literally lives his vision at the Lilac housing co-op in Leeds and is exploring a low carbon future for cities.

Tim Creswell – Author of Place: A Short Introduction one of the most influential geography books of the 21st century. Tim is also a poet and trans disciplinary geographer.

National Geographic Education - Wide ranging and beautifully put together blog covering education, information, beautiful images and interactive games

David Harvey – The website of the grand old man of Marxist Geography. Still asking the difficult questions, still important and essential reading in any geographical education. 

Geolounge – US based blog from Caitlin Dempsey Morais covering all aspects of geography from climate to culture. Keen focus on GIS issues.

A much fuller list of geography blogs can be found on the website of Antipode the self styled ‘radical geography community’. Some keep more up to date than others.

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10 Mapping and GIS websites 

Worldmapper – Still going strong with hopefully a new lease of life very soon. Perhaps one of the most widely used geographical websites in UK geographical education 

Views of the world – All the latest work by Benjamin Henig with insightful and often pithy commentaries to accompany the groundbreaking maps

Floating Sheep – Hard to describe but basically going to the places that few maps go to using a mixture of geo-tagging, twitter traffic and things geo-demographic.

Maptube – Online, free mapping resource with mash up capability hosted by University College London.

Mapmania – US mapping blog worth a visit.

Digimap Edina -  UK’s premier map resource. Free to users within education. Need to register. However, for scales, dates and subjects (history, geology, marine and environment) the site is unsurpassed and backed by the Ordinance Survey.

United States Census Bureau Geography site: maps and data – The go to resource for maps at all scales for the United States of American.

The Map Shop – As yet unvisited but we can vouch for their excellent on-line service. Difficult to find maps from across the world a specialty.

National Geographic Maps – Remember those beautiful and informative maps that you get in the National Geographic magazine, yes? Then here is there on-line home. A treat for the eyes. 

The British Cartographic Society – Professional organization set up in 1963 that is an excellent place to start exploring the vibrant community of British map makers. The second link is to the web links page of the BCS that is far more comprehensive than anything provided here.

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10 Websites to help you keep up to date with geographical issues 

GeoForum – Over-arching, almost trade organization, of UK geographical societies, charities and educational bodies.

The Conversation – Wide ranging website whose tagline of ‘academic rigor, journalistic flair’ is well merited. Economy, energy the environment it is all here and bang up to date.

Angle Journal – based out of Imperial College London this new and excellently presented site is working at the front edge of knowledge creation and the ‘intersection of science, policy and politics.

New Scientist – The weekly international science magazine founded in 1956 on the web since 1996. Plenty of up to date scientific reportage to keep any inquisitive mind ticking over from

New Internationalist – A treasure trove of stories rarely reported in the mainstream media. A cheap £7 subscription opens up the full NI archive.

The Guardian – Possibly the best news media web site in the world, certainly one of the most comprehensive with features ranging from facts are sacred, data blog, environment, development, social policy sections and great films, photographs and the news as well. Free, how do they do it?

The Economist – Love it or hate it you cannot ignore it. The site enables the casual user to access a few news stories before demanding money from you – well it is called the economist.

The Financial Times – Shouldn’t be only read by the movers and shakers of the square mile. Very well informed. Similar access set up to The Economist.

The BBC – Comprehensive, fantastically produced, the benchmark by which other news website are judgedWe recommend the science and environment section.

One major trend that has occurred as a result of the global expansion of digital connectivity and the increasing popularity of English as an international language is that a multitude of websites for English language additions of newspapers exist all over the world.
A good example is
China Daily, the highest circulation newspaper in English within China with, so it is said, a slightly more liberal take on the official government and party line.

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10 Environmental websites 

Mongabay – An international, contemporary, site concerned with eco-system conservation particularly rainforest. Up to date reportage and global coverage.

Follow the Things – convened by Professor Ian Cook of Exeter University and concerned with tracking the provenance, labour conditions and environmental impact of our consumption. Laid out partly like an Internet shop.

NASA – Space is the place said the maverick jazz artist Sun Ra and this is the place for space, our ultimate environment. 

GRIST – Independent US environmental journalism globally respected. Food, cities, climate change and science sub-sections.

Skeptical Science – the basis of science is intelligent skepticism. This site addresses climate change skepticism head on whilst remaining true to the fundamental principles of science. It is safe to assume Nigel Lawson or Donald Trump does not follow this website.

World Resources Institute – As the WRI states ‘we start with data’ and then they apply data analysis to address the fundamental issue of the relationship between humanity and the resources that sustain them. 

United States Geological Service (USGS) – Set up in 1879 the US government department that addresses natural resource and landscape issues initially within the nation and now globally. Very authoritative.

Environment Agency – The UK government organisation, part of the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (DEFRA), who are responsible for environmental protection.

Cool Earth – rainforest charity that works with indigenous tribes to protect rainforests.

China Dialogue - With the tag-line China and the world discuss the environment this independent not for profit organisation is based in London and Beijing. The most authoritative focus on the multitude of environmental issues impacting upon China. Bi-lingual.

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10 Websites concerned with equality 

Gapminder – The website of the Gapminder foundation created by Swedish public health specialist Hans Rosling. To say we are ‘fans’ would be to under-state it. The optimistic geographers optimist with some of the best teaching videos yet made.

Joseph Rowntree Foundation – Working to instigate social change through research, policy and practice. A comprehensive UK focused resource.

Resolution Foundation – Focused on living standards, the world of work and the welfare system. Strong on data analysis.

The Poverty Site  - The UK site for statistics on poverty and social exclusion. Sadly not updated since 2011

Fawcett Society – Named after pioneering feminist Millicent Fawcett this society remains active in campaigning for women’s rights.

Stonewall – Leading UK charity supporting and campaigning for the rights of lesbian, gay, trans and bi in Britain and abroad. 

The Equality Trust -  Research, data, campaigns and information all focused on reducing inequality and creating a fairer society.

Institute of Public Policy Research (IPPR) – Well respected progressive think tank that is concerned primarily with social justice and quality of life. Source of much important research.

AgeUK – Never has it been more important to campaign for the rights of old people, never have their been so many old people.

Oxfam – This charity does so much it could appear under other headings but at heart Oxfam’s mission is to end global poverty. Excellent, eye-catching research is used to support on the ground interventions both long and short term to multiple global challenges.

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10 websites that help you understand globalisation better 

Frontline - In India the news magazine Frontline is known for its investigative journalism – something not always welcomed in the ‘new’ India. National news coverage and a window on a fast changing society.

Janaagraha Centre For Citizenship and Democracy – Bengaluru based organization that aims to improve the quality of urban life in Indian cities. They have produced interesting metrics to measure quality of life in their home city.

Azim Premji Foundation – Premji is one of the richest individuals in India and is currently disbursing himself of that wealth through a huge and potentially transformative rural education programme in India.

The Diplomat – On-line news magazine with a strong focus on development, economy and environment right across Asia.

Three Avocados – There are many fair-trade companies engaged in developing a fairer trading system for coffee and cocoa growers worldwide. Three Avocados is a good example but many others could have been chosen some indigenous to their countries others developed internationally.

Vessel Finder – Want to know where the MSC Oscar is at the very moment then this shipping industry website which doubles up as a geography uber-geek favourite is the place to go. Name a ship and they will find it in real time, where it has been and where it is going. This is trade.

Mundoreal – want to find out about the favela’s of Rio and the struggles of the residents to improve their quality of life then this is a good place to start. 

URBZ – Described as an experimental urban research and action collective this organization based in India and Brazil. Has some enlightening and contemporary material about on the ground developments in India’s largest slum, Dharavi in Mumbai.

F*** for Forest – We’d like to think this was made up but it isn’t – Scandinavian, but you probably realized that already and committed to raising money to protect rainforests through the dissemination of pornography. Let the sociologists unpick that.

Nepal Action – In one of the world’s most beautiful, and poorest countries this NGO is addressing multiple challenges especially post the 2015 earthquake.

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website & Maps created by Benjamin Hennig,